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Gang Crimes

On September 26, 1988 the California State Legislature declared that "the State of California is in a state of crisis which has been caused by violent street gangs whose members threaten, terrorize, and commit a multitude of crimes against the peaceful citizens of their neighborhoods. These activities, both individually and collectively, present a clear and present danger to public order and safety and are not constitutionally protected. The Legislature finds that there are nearly 600 criminal street gangs operating in California, and that the number of gang-related murders is increasing. The Legislature also finds that in Los Angeles County alone there were 328 gang-related murders in 1986, and that gang homicides in 1987 have increased 80 percent over 1986."

As such they enacted Penal Code 186.22 et seq which established tough sentencing enhancements for those charged with gang related crimes.  These penalties add from 2 years to life imprisonment to the charged crime.  For example, intimidating a witness which would normally carry a sentence from probation to 3 years imprisonment becomes a life sentence if a gang enhancement is added.

As a member of the elite Hardcore Gang Division of the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office I investigated, filed charges on and successfully prosecuted some of the most notorious criminal street gang murders in the country.  I have lectured and trained other prosecutors, law enforcement officers and members of the community on gang crime prosecution and prevention.  I have researched and written training guides in this field and keep up with the current law and legal trends relating to gang crimes in California and Washington, D.C. both jurisdictions in which I practice.

California Penal Code 186.22 et seq.

Washington, D.C. § 22-951